PMBOK - Project Management Body of Knowledge
CERAiT Inc. specializes in providing information technology (IT) related services to business community. We adopted and follow the best industry practices in project managament, as they are documented in the PMBOK.
Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK)
A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge is a book which presents a set of standard terminology and guidelines for project management. The third edition was recognised as a standard by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers — IEEE 1490-2003
A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide) was first published by the Project Management Institute (PMI) as a white paper in 1987 in an attempt to document and standardize generally accepted project management information and practices.
The PMBOK Guide is process-based, meaning it describes work as being accomplished by processes. This approach is consistent with other management standards such as ISO 9000 and the Software Engineering Institute's CMMI. Processes overlap and interact throughout a project or its various phases. Processes are described in terms of:
- Inputs (documents, plans, designs, etc.)
- Tools and Techniques (mechanisms applied to inputs)
- Outputs (documents, products, etc.)
The Guide recognizes 42 processes that fall into five basic process groups and nine knowledge areas that are typical of almost all projects.
- The five process groups are:
- Monitoring and Controlling
- The nine knowledge areas are:
- Project Integration Management
- Project Scope Management
- Project Time Management
- Project Cost Management
- Project Quality Management
- Project Human Resource Management
- Project Communications Management
- Project Risk Management
- Project Procurement Management
Each of the nine knowledge areas contains the processes that need to be accomplished within its discipline in order to achieve an effective project management program. Each of these processes also falls into one of the five basic process groups, creating a matrix structure such that every process can be related to one knowledge area and one process group.
The PMBOK Guide is meant to offer a general guide to manage most projects most of the time. A specialized standard was developed as an extension to the PMBOK Guide to suit special industries, for example the Construction Extension to the PMBOK Guide and the Government Extension to the PMBOK Guide.